Saturday, May 5, 2012

Repost from Green Parenting...

This is a post I was forwarded the link to a few days ago and I know there are a ton of posts like this out there but I thought this one had a lot of information in it and so I would share.  Click on the title to be taken to the original article. 

Why Disposable Diapers are Dirty and Dangerous

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Babies do a lot of pooping. In fact, the average baby goes through 6-8 diapers a day. Unless you practice elimination communication, your baby will use at least 6,500 diapers before potty training around 30 months old. If you use disposables, this costs about $75–$100 a month retail, or $3,000 per child!
According to a 2010 study, one-third of U.S. mothers are cutting back on basic necessities (such as food, utilities, and childcare) to buy diapers for their children. But as much as disposable diapers cost individual families, they cost us even more as a nation and as a planet.
For International Real Diaper Week, consider these alarming facts you may not know about disposable diapers: 

Disposable Nation

Approximately 90% of Americans use 18 billion single-use, plastic diapers a year. This generates 7.6 billion pounds of garbage each year—enough waste to fill Yankee Stadium 15 times over, or stretch to the moon and back 9 times. Every year.
Disposable diapers are the 3rd largest consumer item in landfills, and represent 30%of non-biodegradable waste. The only other items that outnumber the amount of disposables in landfills are newspapers and beverage and food containers.
Even though it may seem as if an individual child doesn’t contribute much to those numbers, each baby wearing disposable diapers creates about 2000 pounds of garbage over the course of two years. (Yeah, that’s literally a ton of toxic waste. Could you imagine having to bury it in your yard?)
It takes hundreds of years for disposable diapers to decompose when exposed to sunlight and air. Since diapers are dumped into landfills, covered and not exposed to sun or air at all, nobody knows how many hundreds—or even thousands—of years they could be around.
Without sun and air, even so-called “eco-friendly” diapers labeled biodegradable do NOT biodegrade in landfillsand cause just as much of a problem as regular diapers. Yet sadly, in the five minutes it will take you to read this article, another200,000 throwaway diapers will enter landfills in the U.S. where they will sit for at least 500 years before decomposing.
In other words, if Christopher Columbus had worn Pampers, his poop would still be intact in some landfill today.
If the costs associated with needlessly landfilling diapers weren’t enough, consider that our landfills contain 5 million tons of untreated human waste—a breeding ground for diseases that could potentially contaminate our groundwater. The EPA notes that “…a significant portion of the disposable diaper waste dumped in American’s landfills every year is actually biodegradable human waste preserved forever.”
When you toss a disposable into the trash can, you are adding to the 84 million pounds of raw fecal matter going into the environment every year. Both the American Academy of Pediatrics and The American Public Health Association advise parents that fecal matter and urine should NOT be disposed of in the regular trash, because it contaminates the ground water and spreads disease.
In fact, printed on the side of every disposable diaper package are instructions forrinsing the diaper and flushing the fecal material down the toilet before putting it into the trash!
Have you EVER seen anyone rinse out a disposable, much less dump out the poop into the toilet?
Me neither.

Disposables Help Increase Gas Prices

We, as a nation, pay through the nose for disposable diapers throughout their life-cycle. From farm to factory to storefront, compared to cloth diapers, disposables:
  • create 2.3 times more water waste,
  • use 3.5 times more energy,
  • use 8.3 times more non-renewable raw materials (like oil and minerals),
  • use 90 times more renewable raw materials (like tree pulp and cotton),
  • and use 4 to 30 times as much land for growing or mining raw materials.
Let’s break it down further…
A disposable diaper is practically dripping in oil. Oil is the raw material for the polyethylene plastic in disposables and it takes about 1 cup of crude oil just to make the plastic for 1 disposable diaper. Taking that a bit further, assuming you use at least 6,500 diapers, this means that it takes about 1,625 quarts of oil to diaper your baby for 30 months—not including the oil involved in the diapers’ manufacture and delivery.
Yes, that’s right: It takes more oil to keep your baby dry for 2-1/2 years than it does to lubricate all the cars you will ever own in your lifetime.
For the nation, this means that over 250,000 trees are destroyed and over 3.4 billion gallons of oil are used every single year to manufacture disposable diapers in the United States. For that amount of oil, we could have powered over 5,222,000 cars in the same time period.
The importance of reducing our dependence on fossil fuels through our diaper choices cannot be overstated. Using up what little affordable oil we have left on this planet to improperly manage baby poop is possibly the stupidest use of oil we could think of, besides the disposable water bottle.
Such profligate use of oil threatens not only our environmental security, but also oureconomic and homeland security, too. As we waste all the easy, cheap-to-produce oil we have left on unnecessary conveniences like disposable diapers and water bottles, we will increasingly have to rely on risky, costly-to-produce oil from deep in the ocean, the pristine Arctic, the Tarsands, and the Mideast and Venezuela, and suffer the price hikes, environmental disasters, and scary, scarcity politics that go with that.(War again, anyone?)
Would you go to war for the resources to continue to cover our children’s bottoms in sweaty, chemical-laden plastic? Oh yeah, we already did.

Poison Pampers

If the toxic waste and the misuse of oil weren’t bad enough, disposable diapers are toxic to your baby too.
Baby’s poorly developed outer skin layer absorbs about 50 different chemicals if you use disposable diapers, wipes and standard baby products. This can be greatly reduced by using cloth diapers and natural baby products.
One of the dangerous chemicals inside disposable diapers is called Sodium Polyacrylate. Even the “eco-friendly” diapers contain this chemical, too. This is the chemical added to the inner pad of a disposable that makes it super-absorbent. When the powder gets wet, it turns into a gel that:
  • Can absorb up to 100 times its weight in water.
  • Can stick to baby’s genitals, causing allergic reactions.
  • Can cause severe skin irritation, oozing blood from perineum and scrotal tissues, fever, vomiting and staph infections in babies.
  • Was banned from tampons in 1985 because of its link to Toxic Shock Syndrome.
  • When injected into rats, has caused hemorrhage, cardiovascular failure and death.
  • Has killed children after ingesting as little as 5 grams of it.
These are the small, shiny, gelatinous crystals that you will often find in your baby’s private parts during diaper changing.
Yes, you should be alarmed.
Most disposable diapers also contain Dioxin. This is a chemical by-product of the paper-bleaching process used in the manufacturing of most diapers. Dioxin is carcinogenic. In fact, the EPA lists it as the most toxic of all cancer-linked chemicals. In small quantities it causes birth defects, skin disease, liver disease, immune system suppression & genetic damage in lab animals. Dioxin is banned in most countries, but not the United States.
And if dioxin and sodium polyacrylate weren’t toxic enough, many disposable diapers contain Tributyl Tin (TBT). Considered a highly toxic environmental pollutant, TBT spreads through the skin and has a hormone-like effect in the tiniest concentrations. TBT harms the immune system and impairs the hormonal system, and it is speculated that it could cause sterility in boys.
In 1998, a study showed that childhood respiratory problems, including asthma, might be linked to inhaling the mixture of chemicals emitted from disposable diapers. Urinary tract infections in baby girls also seem on the rise with an increased use of disposable diapers.
For your baby’s sake, please dump the Poison Pampers (or Huggies, Luvs, Seventh Generation, etc.) right away.

Disposables Cause Rashes

Even if sodium polyacrylate was completely safe, the super-absorbent qualities of disposable diapers are not really the blessing they seem to be. Super-absorbent disposables can do three things:
  • Facilitate less diaper changing from parents, which leads to rashes because of exposure to the super-absorbent chemicals, bacteria, and ammonia from accumulated urine in the diaper.
  • Reduce air circulation and pull natural moisture (not just urine) our of your baby’s skin—which can cause irritation.
  • Raise the temperature of a baby boy’s scrotum far above body temperature, to the point that it can stop his testicles from developing normally, according to a study published in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.
Widespread diaper rash is a relatively new phenomenon that surfaced in tandem with the widespread use of disposable diapers, and is now found in over half of all U.S. babies. While diaper rashes can be caused by a variety of problems (food allergies, yeast, etc.), the majority of these rashes come from allergies to diaper and wipe chemicals, lack of air, higher temperatures (because plastic retains body heat), and being changed less often because babies feel dry when they are actually wet.
Since prolonged exposure to a hot, dirty diaper is the most common cause of diaper rash, super-absorbent diapers may actually encourage parents to leave them on longer, causing these rashes.
Think about it. How many times have you stuck your finger into the leg of your baby’s bulging disposable diaper, and decided it was dry enough to stay on for another hour? (Tell the truth now, we’ve all done it. ;)
With a cloth diaper, when it is wet, it feels wet inside, and must be changed, because babies really dislike the feeling of eliminating on themselves. (Who does?) It is for this same reason that using cloth diapers facilitates earlier potty learning.
Frequent changing, in addition to the cool, breathable fabric of cloth diapers, significantly reduces diaper rashes. In fact, my daughter never had a diaper rash again after we switched from so-called “green” disposables to cloth.

Making the Switch to Cloth

Reusable cloth diapers offer a solution to all the cost, health and environmental problems of disposables, but their benefits have been hidden by the billions of advertising dollars spent by Proctor & Gamble, et. al. over the last 50 years to misinform parents like us and gain a stranglehold on the market.
But even the best PR firm can’t beat the rising tide of families who demand better for their babies and the planet!
Today’s cloth diapers are as effective as any disposable, and they come in lots of styles, sizes and super-cute colors and prints! With velcro, snaps, fleece, and soft, PUL nylon covers, the old diaper pins and sweaty, plastic pants are now a relic of the past.
Have you ever seen diapers so cute?!?!
The new cloth diaper systems do not require a stinky diaper pail, and clean up easily in both regular and high-efficiency washing machines, using less water than you would need to flush the toilet each time your baby went to the bathroom.
You can learn how to startusing cloth diapers and check out all the various cloth diaper systems atNicki’s Diapers—my favorite online, mom-owned cloth diaper business. Then see how parents rate various cloth diaper brands and systems, plus get additional help and support at theDiaper Pin.
A good cloth diapering system consisting of at least 24-36 cloth diapers will usually cost you between $200-500 dollars up front, but you will not need to continue to buy them, and you can save them for use with future children. That’s huge savings over disposables!
Cloth diapers in good condition also have great resale value on e-Bay and other “mommy resource” sites like Cloth Diaper Clearance, Diaper Swappers or Under My Crib, and you can often find great deals or unload your extras through these channels.
If you are good at sewing, there are many patterns out there for making your own cloth diapers, wipes and wetbags, which would probably be the cheapest option of all.
For Babyzilla, we used All-in-One cloth diapers like these, which behave the most like a disposable in that they are simple to change. (See photo above.) Although they cost more than other cloth diaper systems, I didn’t want extended family members or caregivers to feel intimidated by a two or three-step diaper. All-in-ones also come in One-Size as well, so you can typically use the diaper from newborn through toddler age.
We also needed two waterproof diaper bags to hold dirty diapers for the laundry, awetbag for travel, and a diaper sprayer that attaches to our toilet. The diaper sprayer is a real joy, because you use it to quickly and easily rinse the dirty diaper right into the toilet, completely eliminating the need to “dunk” the diapers or use a water-filled diaper pail. As an added bonus, it can help you clean the toilet and bathroom too.
Lastly, we also used flannel cloth wipes sewn by a local mom, and kept them folded neatly inside a recycled wipes box from the store. I soaked the wipes in a homemade wipe solution I made with spring water blended with a dash of castile soap and lavender and tea tree essential oils.
Voila! Non-toxic, low-cost, small footprint diapering!

Diaper-Free Babies?!?!

If you thought using cloth diapers was natural, economical and environmentally friendly, imagine this prospect: not using any diapers at all!
While the idea of “natural infant hygiene” may seem radical or even impossible, throughout most of human existence, parents have kept their babies clean, dry and happy without using diapers. And today, in many cultures around the world, mothers continue to practice some form of elimination communication (EC), where they learn their babies’ cues for needing to eliminate— just as they would learn their cues for hunger or sleepiness—and hold them over a potty when they need to go.
Many progressive parents in the U.S. are also practicing EC, avoiding the need for diapers altogether, and enjoying potty-trained children by the age of one! We did it for the first few months of Babyzilla’s life and it was really easy, until we moved cross country and needed to switch to cloth.

You Can Make a Difference

If you currently use cloth diapers, you can empower other parents to use cloth diapers too. How? Participate in International Real Diaper Week beginning April 16, 2012.
Here are some ideas from the Real Diaper Association for doing cloth diaper outreach in your community the week of Monday, April 16:
  • Go for the World Record for most cloth diapers changed at one time! Invite a friend to the Great Cloth Diaper Change on Saturday, 4/21, and let them borrow a cloth diaper (or three!) to use. 
  • Wear a cloth diaper advocacy pin (or sport other cloth diaper advocacy gear) as you go about your day.
  • Post on Facebook or Tweet, inviting friends to ask you about cloth diapers or the Great Cloth Diaper Change (Twitter hashtag: #gcdc2012).
  • Host a Cloth Diaper 101 class with a local mom’s group, at a daycare center, hospital, or birth center.
  • Write to a local TV station or newspaper asking them to feature cloth diapers and/or the Great Cloth Diaper Change.
Together we can help more parents make better-informed choices about diapering their little ones. In the infamous words of Margaret Mead:
“Never underestimate the power of a few committed people to change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.”

Sources and More Information:

  • “Why Choose Cloth Diapers,” Real Diaper Association.
  • “Your Choice Does Make a Difference,” Born to Love.
  • McDiarmid, Catherine, “What’s Wrong with ‘Disposable’ Single-Use Diapers?,” Born to Love.
  • McConnell, Jane.  “The Joy of Cloth Diapers.”
  • Flug, Rachael, “Top Ten Environmental Reasons For Choosing Cotton Diapers“.
  • The Canadian Cloth Diaper Association, “The Facts: Cloth Versus ‘Disposable’ Diapers.”
  • Michaels, Patricia A., About Guide.
  • Iowa Sate University – University Extension, “The Diaper Dilemma.”
  • Schiff, Sherry, “The Diaper Dilemma, Waterloo Centre For Groundwater Research.
  • McConnell, Jane, “The Diaper Debate: Ten Years Later”
  • Reilly, Lee, “The diaper debate: cloth vs. paper”, Vegetarian Times, March, 1997.
  • New Tests Confirm TBT Poison in Procter &  Gamble’s Pampers®:  Greenpeace Demands World-Wide Ban of Organotins in All Products,” 15 May 2000,
  • Allison, Cathy.  “Disposable Diapers: Potential Health Hazards.,” referring to: Hicks, R et al.  “Characterization of toxicity involving hemorrhage and cardiovascular failure, caused by parenteral administration of a soluble polyacrylate in the rat,” Journal of Applied Toxicology  1989 June; 9(3): 191-8.
  • Link, Ann. Disposable nappies: a case study in waste prevention. April 2003. Women’s Environmental Network.
  • Lehrburger, Carl. 1988. Diapers in the Waste Stream: A review of waste management and public policy issues. 1988. Sheffield, MA: self-published.
  • Lehrburger, C., J. Mullen and C.V. Jones. 1991. Diapers: Environmental Impacts and Lifecycle Analysis. Philadelphia, PA: Report to The National Association of Diaper Services (NADS).
  • Allsopp, Michelle. Achieving Zero Dioxin: An emergency strategy for dioxin elimination. September 1994. Greenpeace.
  • Armstrong, Liz and Adrienne Scott Whitewash: Exposing the Health and Environmental Dangers of Women’s Sanitary Products and Disposable Diapers, What You Can Do About It. 1993. HarperCollins.
  • C-J Partsch, M Aukamp, W G Sippell Scrotal temperature is increased in disposable plastic lined nappies. Division of Paediatric Endocrinology, Department of Paediatrics, Christian-Albrechts- University of Kiel, Schwanenweg 20, D-24105 Kiel, Germany. Arch Dis Child 2000;83:364-368.
  • Swasy, Alecia, SOAP OPERA; The Inside Story of Procter & Gamble
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